Facts you should know
GEOLOGY (10 Sep 2012)

  • abyssal plain : flat plain on ocean floor
  • abyssal zone :lightless depths of open sea, usu. Deeper than 12,000 feet
  • barrier beach : narrow strip of sand and rock separated from coast by channel
  • bathyal zone :ocean area extending beyond continental shelf to depth of about 12,000 feet
  • crag :steep rugged rock projecting above rock mass
  • dissected mountains :range formed by erosion of plateaus or plains
  • eluvium :rock debris produced by weathering or disintegration
  • fluvial : produced by rivers
  • ground moraine :debris remaining from melting of flakier and forming gently rolling surface
  • ground water :water trapped in underground pores or fissures in Earth
  • hard pan :bedrock or cemented, compacted clayey layer unable to be penetrated by roots; hard, unbroken ground
  • inselberg :monadnock
  • kettle lake :body of water formed by melting glaciers moving over a basin
  • lodestone :rock that possesses magnetic polarity
  • meltwater :water melted from glacial ice
  • Mineralogy :scientific study of minerals
  • Minerals, Formations and Substances
  • Mining engineering : applied mineralogy and metallurgy
  • Oceanography :science of ocean movement and life
  • Orography : physical geography of mountains
  • Paleogeography :Study of geography of the past
  • Paleontogoly : Study of fossils.
  • Pedology :Soil science
  • penepain :flat area just slightly above sea level worm down by streams and mass wasting
  • Petrology :Study of rocks
  • Physical geology :Study of material composing Earth
  • Phytogeography :geobotany
  • Planetology :Study of the planetary system
  • plays :flat-floored centre of undrained desert basin
  • seamount :volcanic mountain at the bottom of ocean
  • Seismology :Study of seismic waves generated by earthquakes or other Earth vibrations.
  • spatter cone :low, steep-sided volcanic cone built up from erupted droplets or blobs of lava
  • Stratigraphy :Study of deposition of sediments
  • Tectonics :Study of movements that shape Earth’s crust
  • underground rock :rock deposits not exposed at Earth’s surface