Facts you should know

1. Lesotho, Vatican City, and San Marino are the only countries completely surrounded by one other country. Lesotho is completely surrounded by South Africa, and Vatican City, and San Marino are both completely surrounded by Italy.

2. The Vatican city is the smallest country in the world at only 0.2 square miles.

3. The largest city in the world – based on surface area, is Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia which is 263,953 square kilometer.

4. The hottest temperature recorded on earth is El Azizia Libya at 136o F ( 57.8o Celsius), the coldest was -134o F (-92.2oC) in Vostok Antarctica. The hottest average temperature is in western Australia, it is 96o F (36o C) year round on average.

[Region] Place Date Degrees
World (Africa) El Azizia, Libya Sept. 13, 1922 136 58
North America (US) Death Valley, Calif. July 10, 1913 134 57
Asia Tirat Tsvi, Israel June 21, 1942 129 54
Australia Cloncurry, Queensland Jan. 16, 1889 128 53
Europe Seville, Spain Aug. 4, 1881 122 50
South America Rivadavia, Argentina Dec. 11, 1905 120 49
Canada Midale and Yellow Grass,
 Saskatchewan, Canada
July 5, 1937 113 45
Persian Gulf (sea-surface)
Aug. 5, 1924 96 36
Antarctica Vanda Station Jan. 5, 1974 59 15
South Pole Dec. 27, 1978 7.5 -14

5. Though Mt. Everest is the highest altitude in terms of sea level on the planet, Mount Chimborazo is the closest to the moon.

6. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is the Longest mountain chain on earth (at 40 thousand kilometers). It is located along the middle of the Atlantic. Iceland is the only part of this chain that is above water.

The Andes form the longest exposed mountain range at 7,000 kilometers.

8. Glaciers store between 70% and 80% of all the freshwater on the planet. 99% of those glaciers are in the Arctic and Antarctic.

9. The deepest hole ever drilled by man is the Kola Superdeep Borehole, in Russia. It reached a depth of 12,261 meters (about 40,226 feet or 7.62 miles). It was drilled for scientific research and gave up some unexpected discoveries, one of which was a huge deposit of hydrogen – so massive that the mud coming from the hole was “boiling” with it.

10. The Shortest place name is ‘Å’ it is located in both Sweden and Norway. In Scandinavian languages, ‘Å’ means “river”.