Weekly Specials



  • The tongue is a muscular structure attached to the floor of the mouth.

  • The tongue is the main sensory organ of the taste sense. The upper surface of a tongue is covered with taste buds which contain taste receptors.

  • The human tongue has on average 3,000 - 10,000 taste buds.

  • The bumps we can see on the tongue are called papillae. Taste buds sit on top of these papillae but are not visible to the human eye.

  • There are five elements of taste perception: salty, sour, bitter, sweet, and umami (or savoury).

  • It is a myth that different tastes come from different areas of the tongue, these tastes can all be detected anywhere on the tongue.

  • Humans also use the tongue for speech where it helps with changes in sound.

  • The tongue also works as a natural way of cleaning teeth after eating.

  • On average, women have shorter tongues than men.

  • The human tongue is divided into two parts the anterior and the posterior.

  • The anterior part of the tongue is the visible part at the front and is about two-thirds of the tongue's length.

  • The posterior tongue area is closest to the throat, and roughly one-third of length.

  • There are eight muscles in the human tongue. They can be classified as intrinsic or extrinsic.

  • There are four intrinsic muscles which are not attached to any bone, they are the muscles that allow the tongue to change shape, such as point, roll, tuck etc.

  • There are four extrinsic muscles which are attached to bone, they allow the tongue to change position, such as poke out, retract, side-to-side movement.

  • The average length of the human tongue from the back to the tip is 10 cm (4 in).

  • The blue whale has the largest tongue of all animals. Its tongue weigh's around 2.7 metric tons (425 stone).

  • Taste receptors cannot actually taste food until saliva has moistened it, for example we usually taste salty things first as salt dissolves quickly in moisture.

  • Traditional human food dishes sometimes include tongue of various animals. Mexicans have a taco filled beef tongue dish, pig and cow tongue is popular in Chinese cuisine. Lamb, cod, and duck tongue are also popular in some countries.

  • Sticking your tongue out at people is seen as childish or rude in many countries, however, in Tibet it is considered a greeting.

  • Dogs and cats often use their tongues to clean their fur and body. The very rough texture of their tongue allows them to remove oils and parasites.

  • Have you ever wondered why a dog's tongue hangs out of its mouth after a lot of exercise? Well a dog's tongue increases in size as it exercises due to greater blood flow, moisture on the tongue works to cool this blood flow, cooling the dog.

  • Some animal tongues are specially designed to catch prey. Chameleons, frogs, and anteaters have tongues that can extend out of their mouth and grab insects.